Saturday, 11 September 2010

William Stern (1871-1938) - German Psychologist, Philosopher


Alchemipedia Link - William Stern (German Psychologist and Philosopher)

William Stern Demographics:
  • Birth - 29 April 1871.
  • Death - 27 March 1938.
  • Name - Wilhelm Louis Stern
  • Occupation - German psychologist & philosopher.
  • Wife - Clara Joseephy, a psychologist.
  • Son - Günther Anders, German writer & philosopher.
  • Other children - Hilde & Eva.
William Stern Important Facts:
  • Was a pioneer in the field of intelligence & personality.
  • The term "IQ" was initially suggested by the William Stern in 1912.
  • Stern also invented the tone variator in 1897 - which helped allow research on human perception of sound.

Image: from Alchemipedia
Tags: Intelligence - Intelligence Quotient - IQ - Philosopher - Psychologist - William Stern -
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

Mark Foster (1970- ) - British Swimmer


Alchemipedia Link - Mark Foster (Swimmer)

Mark Foster Details:
  • Born 12 May 1970 in Billericay, Essex, England.
  • Mark is a specialist short course (25 metre pool) swimmer.
  • He is the current short course 50m freestyle world record holder.
Image: by My Alternative Photos (cc) on flickr.com
Tags: Billericay - Essex - Mark Foster - Swimmer - World Record
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

Thomas Harriot (c.1560-1621) - Astronomer, Mathematician


Alchemipedia Link - Thomas Harriot (English Astronomer, Mathematician) 1560 - 1621

Thomas Harriot Demographics:
  • Name - Thomas Harriot
  • Surname - Harriot or Hariot or Heriot.
  • Born - c. 1560 (Oxford)
  • Death - 2 July 1621 (London)
  • Occupation - Astronomer, Mathematician, Ethnographer, Translator
  • Nationality - English
  • Education - Oxford University
Thomas Harriot Facts:
  • Graduate of Oxford University.
  • Traveled on an expedition to the Americas, funded by Sir Walter Raleigh.
  • Worked for the 9th Earl of Northumberland.
  • The theory of refraction is attributed to Thomas Harriot.
  • The first telescopic observer.
  • First person to make a drawing of the moon viewed through a telescope (July 26, 1609).
  • Performed this telescopic feat before Galileo Galilei.
  • Some historians credit him with introducing the potato to Ireland & Great Britain.

Tags: Astronomer - Mathematician - Moon - Oxford University - Refraction - Telescope - Thomas Harriot
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) - Italian Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher


Alchemipedia Link - Galileo Galilei (Italian Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher) 1564 - 1642


Galileo Galilei Demographics:
  • Full name - Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de' Galilei.
  • Surname - Galilei.
  • Born - 15 February 1564
  • Birthplace - Pisa (then part of the Duchy of Florence), Italy.
  • Died - 8 January 1642
  • Nationality - Italian.
  • Father - Vincenzo Galilei (famous lutenist & music theorist).
  • Mother - Giulia Ammannati.
  • Siblings - Eldest of 6 children.
  • Mistress - Marina Gamba.
  • Children - 3 children (son Vincenzo; daughters Virginia & Livia) by Marina Gamba.
  • Occupation - Astronomer, mathematician, physicist, & philosopher.
Galileo Galilei Facts:
  • Astronomer - one of the greatest of post-Greek times.
  • Thought of himself as a 'natural philosopher'.
  • Remembered as the father of modern science - being the first person to understand that theory drives science.
  • Experimented with telescopes.
  • By January 1610 he started looking at the sky.
  • Discovered Jupiter's satellites.
  • Described the phases of Venus.
  • Targeted by the church because of his anti-Ptolemaic views.
  • Placed under house arrest by the Pope.
  • Only at the end of the 20th Century was he religiously exonerated by the Vatican.
Quotes About Galileo Galilei:
"Galileo, perhaps more than any other single person, was responsible for the birth of modern science." [Stephen Hawking]

Image: Taken @ Planetarium Galileo Galilei - Buenos Aires - Argentina, 2006 © Guilherme Oliveira - Some rights reserved.
Image source: from flickr by *The Boy From Cerrado (cc)
Tags: Astronomer - Galileo - Galileo Galilei - Italian - Jupiter - Pisa - Pope - Telescope - Vatican - Venus
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

Viktor Francis Hess (1883-1964) - Austrian Physicist


Viktor Francis Hess Demographics:
  • Name - Victor or Viktor Francis Hess
  • Born - 24 June, 1883
  • Death - 17 December, 1964
  • Occupation - Physicist
  • Nationality - Austrian-American
Victor Hess Important Facts:
  • Austrian physicist.
  • Discoverer of cosmic rays.
  • Won a half share of the Nobel physics prize in 1936 for work he undertook between 1911-1913.
Victor Hess Career:
  • 1901 to 1905 - Undergraduate student at the University of Graz.
  • 1910 - PhD in Physics at the University of Graz.
  • 1910-1920 - Assistant to Stefan Meyer at the Institute for Radium Research, Viennese Academy of Sciences.
  • 1921 - Worked at the US Radium Corporation, in New Jersey, and as Consulting Physicist for the US Bureau of Mines, in Washington DC.
  • 1923 - Worked again at University of Graz.
  • 1925 - Appointed the Ordinary Professor of Experimental Physics.
  • 1931 - Appointed as Professor & Director of Institute of Radiology, The University of Innsbruck.
  • 1938 - Relocated to the USA, with his Jewish wife, to escape Nazi persecution.
  • 1938 - Appointed Professor of Physics at Fordham University.
  • 1944 - Became naturalized citizen of the USA.
  • 1956 - Retired from Fordham University.
Viktor Hess Awards:
  • Lieben Prize (1919).
  • Abbe Memorial Prize.
  • Abbe Medal of the Carl Zeiss Institute in Jena (1932).
  • Nobel Prize in Physics (1936) for discovery of cosmic rays.
Links:

Tags:
1936 - Abbe Medal - Cosmic Rays - Lieben Prize - Nobel Prize - Physics - Victor Francis Hess - Viktor Hess

Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

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Sunday, 5 September 2010

Charles Hard Townes (1915- ) - Physicist, LASER Pioneer


Charles Hard Townes Demographics:
  • Born - July 28, 1915 (Greenville, South Carolina)
  • Wife - former Frances H. Brown (married in 1941)
  • Daughters - Linda Rosenwein, Ellen Anderson, Carla Kessler, & Holly Townes.
  • Nationality - American
  • Father - Henry Keith Townes, attorney.
  • Mother - Ellen (Hard) Townes
Charles Townes Facts:
  • Researcher at University of California, Berkeley.
  • Won the 1964 Nobel physics prize for his work on lasers.
  • Built the Infrared Spatial Interferometer at Mount Wilson Observatory in southern California.
See Alchemipedia Charles Hard Townes page

Image credit: Sir John Templeton Prize page
Tags: Charles Hard Townes - Greenville - South Carolina
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

Saturday, 24 July 2010

Alchemipedia People and Biography Blog

This is a companion blog to Alchemipedia which will specifically deal with People & Biographies.

Index:


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.